A region's population, its concentration, its synthesis and its course are key factors of its route and its future development. Exploitation of the existing workforce should be a principal goal of its economic policy, as this would directly affect a region's economic activity and prosperity.
The prefecture of Xanthi has been considered as a rural area, since more than 45% of the total population works on agriculture and farming. In general, it can be stated that the primary sector which covers 26.6% of the local workforce, contributes 30.5% to the economy of our prefecture; the secondary sector is promoted by 28.5% in the local economy covering a 16.2% of the workforce, while 46% work on the tertiary sector, which contributes a further 41.1% to the local economy.
The well-organized Industrial Area hosts a large number of industries involved in all fields of economy. Today, Xanthi totals approximately 6,000 businesses, 700 of which are in manufacturing, while 60 are considered as large industries; 1,800 businesses are registered as trade companies and the majority of 3,500 businesses constitute the services sector of the region.
Eighty businesses include export activity towards both E.U. and other countries as well.
However, should development in Thrace be as effective and impressive as it can be, we must take full advantage of our workforce in total and our relative advantages.
Development in Thrace should be based on its people regardless religion, mother tongue, origin and culture. Development in Thrace should be based on its nature resources, which are among the richest in the whole country. Development in Thrace should be based on all those means and measures that can maximize effectiveness in all fields of economy.
Indeed, the prefecture of Xanthi can play a very important role in the future development of the wider region taking advantage of its unique position and of the rest relative advantages of the area. Infrastructure improvements on the national road network and the cutting of the vertical road axis from Xanthi to Plovdiv, Bulgaria, which will extend to the heart of Bulgaria, to its big industrial and economic centres, to all the ports in the Black Sea and to the economic centres of Romania, give Xanthi a great opportunity to be developed as an important transit centre in the Balkans.
Furthermore, our prefecture and especially a flat terrestrial zone along our coastline is one of the richest geothermal areas in the country. Making full as well as rational use of the geothermal fields as both renewable source of energy and electrical energy production in agricultural, industrial and home activities, we can promote sustainable development and improve our well-being
History of REMTH East Macedonia & Thrace is this most ancient region in Europe. This is the home of ancient philosophers and endangered animals, of the legend of Orpheus and the Dionysian cult.
In this region of Greece, both civilizations and cultures coexist, creating one of the most complex regions in Greece. As such, the region is a place of diverse cultural, ethnic and religious diversity and this is the way it has always been. There are Greek Orthodox here, but also Muslims and numerous other minorities adding to the culturally kaleidoscopic atmosphere.
The region has been inhabited since the Palaeolithic Age. There were once ancient Thracian tribes here, and even the Persians passed through here. This is a region of ancient empires and provinces, of Barbarian raids and of prosperous civilizations with flourishing trade and culture. The region was incorporated into the modern Greek state much later that other regions of Greece, in 1920.
Today, the region is one of the most developing regions in all of Greece in terms of tourism, and this is what makes East Macedonia and Thrace an excellent choice for travellers who are seeking something that has authentic charm without the, often, superficial atmosphere of the more touristy regions.